Humans need water for survival, but their activities have led to the disruption of natural water resources. Some people don’t have access to fresh water, so water treatment helps them preserve what’s available. Here are the basics of a water treatment service.
Sedimentation starts with coagulation—disrupting the particles so they clump together. Flocculation follows a process that brings the particles together to form flocs. Sedimentation allows these large flocs to sink at the bottom of the tank.
A filtration system can contain rocks, sand, and gravel to trap particles as water passes through. The dirt and other particles are trapped and remain behind. Thus, the water is clearer and cleaner.
Disinfection and pH Adjustment
The water may be free of particles but not of bacteria and other microorganisms. Thus, the water must be disinfected, often using chlorine to kill viruses and bacteria. Depending on the chemical composition of the water, water treatment services may make pH adjustments so the water falls into an acceptable range.
Once the water is certified safe for human consumption, it is pumped through a distribution system for delivery to homes. The water treatment process ensures the public has water that’s contaminant free and safe for use in industries. This technology has gone a long way toward allowing us to have the quality of life we have today.