In order for a government to fully represent the people it governs, it needs to be divided down into manageable sections. Some of the smallest of those sections are municipalities. Within a municipality, relatively small groups of citizens are represented by people who are relatively familiar to them. When governments function on this local level, they better meet the diverse needs of people throughout a country.
Sometimes, local municipalities need legal support or guidance.
Some lawyers specialize in offering counsel for municipalities specifically. These lawyers can help local government officials better represent their constituents and make the best possible decisions for their local area. These lawyers help governments function in democratic governments around the world.
For example, in South Africa, they may help district councils abide by the Municipal Structures Act of 1998. The video discusses the exact nature of this act and the way it helps South African municipalities govern on a local scale.
In the United States, lawyers may help small, local government officials enact local laws that are in accordance with the state and national constitution. They may help them create simple zoning laws or more complicated laws regarding education or taxation on a local level.